Many of our customers are very frustrated, at their wits’ end – they are simply being driven crazy by moles!
Unfortunately, moles are largely misunderstood and people often do not understand how moles live which makes it all teh more difficult to deal with them.
Moles are an especially unique mammal. They measure about 6–8 inches in length, are torpedo shaped, and have extremely strong, paddle-like front feet, ideally adapted for tunneling. Moles are perfectly designed by nature to live underground. They are nearly blind, as there is no need for eyesight underground. Instead, they have superbly adapted sensory systems that can detect the smallest vibrations – even the movement of a worm.
They nest deep underground and have a litter of three or four, usually in March. Young mature quickly and are on their own within a month or two. They have abnormally high metabolism rates, which means that they must constantly eat and are active almost year-round, day and night.
Moles make tunnels as they burrow through the soil in search of food. The tunnels are what frustrates gardeners and land owner. The run and hills are an eyesore and can interfere with mowing. Some incorrectly assume that moles are eating roots or plants as they tunnel around, but the food that moles are after is not vegetative. In fact, moles eat small animals, such as worms, and sometimes soil-dwelling insects that fall into their tunnels.
It is important to understand mole tunneling if mole control is to be achieved! Two types of tunnels are produced by moles – surface tunnels and deep tunnels.
Deep tunnels are 3 to 18 inches deep in the soil and are constructed by moles during midsummer or winter or during especially dry spells when worms retreat deeper into the soil. Moles always use deep tunnels when the soil is dry because that is where their food is.
Surface tunnels are the unsightly raised ridges in lawns or in flower beds created by moles working just below the surface. A mole is capable of extending surface tunnels at the rate of 100 feet per day. Occurrence of surface tunnels is very seasonal and is how myths about mole control originate. Surface tunnels are created during the spring and the autumn (or during very wet conditions) because that is when and where earthworms hang out.
Mole surface tunnels may disappear during the summer because as the soil dries during the summer months, the worms migrate deeper in the soil, and the moles follow. They live in deep tunnels. Surface tunnels are gone and the only above-ground sign of a mole will be the mole hills of soil dumped on the surface as the mole excavates deep runs. Mole surface tunneling will reappear when the soil becomes less dry and the earthworms move upward.